((The Following Decree was posted on the Information Boards of the Castle of Warwick))
Code on Legal Procedure
Law Numbered 2
Article I - Definitions
a) Citizen: Permanent human or elf resident of the estates under the Patriarch of the House of Suffolk.
b) Civil Disputes: All disputes which art not categorized as Criminal Offences.
c) Archducal Court: Court held by the Patriarch of the House of Suffolk.
d) Court of Justice: The supreme court held by the Justiciar.
e) Criminal Offences: All offences regulated under the Suffonian Criminal Law or offences concerning harms done to persons’ body, property, honour and rights.
f) District Court: Courts held by Judges appointed by the Justiciar.
g) Judge: Legates of the Justiciar tasked with giving verdicts concerning any disputes in their jurisdiction in accordance with Suffonian Law.
h) Foreigner: All humans who art not citizens.
i) Justiciar: Minister responsible for law and supreme Judge.
j) Lex Scripta: Written Law with the precedence ranking of; (i) Codes, (ii) Acts, (iii) Archducal Decrees, (iv) Privy Council Orders and (v) Council of Warwick Resolutions.
k) Military Tribunal: The court of law which is specialized in military disputes.
l) Nonhuman: All creatures who art not human.
m) Suffonian Courts: All courts of law under the Archduchy of Suffonia.
m) Suffonian Law: All legal legislations and agreements regulated by the Patriarch of the House of Suffolk and his agents.
n) Suspect: Parties who art being investigated by prosecutors prior to a lawsuit, concerning a criminal dispute.
o) Tribune: The Judge responsible for disputes concerning military affairs.
p) Unregulated Disputes and Offences: Disputes and Offences which art not regulated under Lex Scripta.
r) Vassal Lord: A Noble Peer of Suffonia or a leader of a society sworn to serve to the Patriarch of the House of Suffolk.
Article II - Precedence of Suffonian Laws
a) All agreements and treaties executed by the Patriarch of the House of Suffolk has precedence over Lex Scripta, while Lex Scripta has precedence over written court precedents.
b) The Archducal Court has precedence over the Court of Justice and the Military Tribunal and the Court of Justice has precedence over District Courts.
c) Suffonian Courts must follow the written precedents set by their superior courts and take the written precedent set by their peer courts into consideration.
Article III - Civil Disputes
a) All citizens can file a Civil Dispute lawsuit before Suffonian Courts with a legal fee of 100 mina as Complainant.
b) Suffonian Courts may charge additional legal fees for legal proceedings.
c) Complainant party for civil cases must be present during legal proceedings.
d) Both the Complainant and Defendant party for civil cases may be assisted by a licensed legal attorney of their own choice, on their own expense.
Article IV - Criminal Offences
a) Citizens may not file a Criminal Offence lawsuit before Suffonian Courts and they shall deliver their claims and complaints to the Constabulary, Lord Commander of Suffonia or Captain of the Crimson Guard.
b) Officials of the Constabulary, Lord Commander of Suffonia or Captain of the Crimson Guard may file a Criminal Offence lawsuit before Suffonian Courts as the Prosecutor of the case on behalf of the complainant citizen.
c) Additional legal fees charged by Suffonian Courts for criminal cases will be compensated by the Archducal Exchequer.
d) Both the Complainant and Defendant party for criminal cases may be assisted by a licensed legal attorney of their own choice, on their own expense.
Article V - Unregulated Disputes and Offences
a) If a dispute or offence is not regulated under the agreements and treaties executed by the Patriarch of the House of Suffolk and Lex Scripta, masters of Suffonian Courts must rule in accordance with the precedents set by their superior courts.
b) If tither is also no precedent set by their superior courts, masters of Suffonian Courts must rule in accordance with their own opinion, understanding and conscience.
c) While ruling on an unregulated dispute or offence, court masters must first consider the unwritten legal practice of the region, traditions of the Suffonian people, religious understandings and customs and court rulings given by their peers.
Article VI - Military Disputes and Offences
a) If a dispute or offence concerns a member of the Crimson Guard or any member of an armed organisation validly accepted as a part of the Suffolk armed forces, the Tribune of Warwick will have sole jurisdiction over any related lawsuit or case.
b) Unless otherwise regulated, the Military Tribunal will follow the same legal procedure of Suffonian Courts.
c) If the Tribune deems the case presented as a civilian dispute, he may transfer the case to regular Suffonian Courts.
d) Commanders of armed forces as described in Article VI/a above may execute any punishment they see fit, concerning the soldiers under their command, during military operations to ensure the successful completion of the said operation and these punishments can only become subject of appeal before a Tribune following the completion of the operation.
Article VII – Judicial Officials
a) A Suffonian Court consists of the master of the court, who is a Judge or a Tribune and his scribes and bailiffs, whom art all considered Judicial Officials.
b) Judicial Officials art not allowed to accept gifts outside the traditionally appropriate gift giving periods.
c) Master of the court is obligated to ensure that the court will remain impartial and just.
d) Master of the court is obligated to ensure the addition of every court ruling in detailed and written form into the Judiciary Archive.
e) If masters of court fail to follow the principles of Article II and Article V above or act in bad faith while ruling, they will be liable for wrongdoing and misconduct.
Article VIII – Legal Proceeding
a) No court ruling may be given prior to the testimonies of the Claimant and Defendant parties being listened at Suffonian Courts, unless they forfeit their right to be listened. If the parties art summoned for trial and fails to attend or art considered as fugitives, the court ruling may be given in absentia.
b) Both the Claimant and Defendant parties has the right present at least one witness during their trial before Suffonian Courts. Article VIII/a will also be applied for witnesses where applicable.
c) Both Claimant and Defendant parties may submit evidence during their trial before Suffonian Courts, if the master of the court deems the evidence admissible.
d) All parties of a trial must be presumed innocent unless prove guilty.
e) No person shall be subject to judgement for a dispute or offence they have already been tried for.
f) During court trials, no party other than the Judicial Officials, Claimant, Defendant and witnesses may speak and Judicial Officials art responsible for the order of the court.
g) All filings to Suffonian Courts must be made in writing.
h) All legal fees charged for a case must be collected by Judicial Officials and submitted to the Archducal Exchequer.
i) Any lawsuit filed without following the proper legal procedure will be deemed unfiled and any court ruling given will be considered null.
j) Master of the Court has the right to determine if the evidence presented is admissible.
Article IX - Appeal of Court Rulings
a) Rulings of District Courts for civil cases may be appealed to the Court of Justice for a legal fee of 500 mina, in one year following the court ruling.
b) Rulings of District Courts for criminal cases may be appealed to the Court of Justice for a legal fee of 300 mina, immediately after the court ruling is resolved.
c) Applications for appeal shall be evaluated by the Court of Justice over the written court ruling.
d) If the Court of Justice resolves that the appealed court ruling is wrong, it shall rule for rectification and if it resolves the said court ruling is correct, it shall rule for approval and deliver the case back to the first court for the application of the ruling of the Court of Justice.
e) If the Court of Justice resolves that the appealed case has not been tried properly in terms of procedure or evidence or merits, the Court of Justice may resolve for cancellation of the first court ruling and assume a new trial.
f) If any party appeals a court ruling with bad faith, an administrative fine of 500 mina would be charged.
g) Rulings of the Court of Justice or the Military Tribunal may not be appealed.
Article X - Courts of Exigence
a) If a criminal dispute must be brought before a Suffonian Court urgently but no Suffonian Court is able to be held and the Patriarch of the House of Suffolk is not available; respectively the Tribune, a minister of the Privy Council of Ministers or a councillor of the Council of Warwick may act as an Adjudicator and hold a Court of Exigence.
b) Court of Exigence has the jurisdictions of Military Tribunal and the Court of Justice combined.
c) Rulings of the Court of Exigence may be appealed without any legal fees to any Suffonian Court which has jurisdiction over the dispute.
d) The Adjudicator is liable to criminal charges if; he or she has acted as the Adjudicator even if tither is no urgent need and for misconduct or negligence.
Article XI - Prosecution and Legal Enforcement
a) Constabulary oversees prosecuting criminal disputes, offenses and criminal lawsuits and Lord Commander of the Crimson Guard or the Lieutenant of the Crimson Guard may act as legal prosecutors in times of need to lighten the workload of the Constabulary.
b) Prosecutors may prosecute any party on behalf of the Archduchy of Suffonia, the latter being the claimant.
c) If a suspect or defendant of a lawsuit poses danger or has flight risk, with the orders of a prosecutor, she or he can be detained for a period of three months before being presented in court.
d) Crimson Guard or Knights of Suffonia may stop and frisk any suspicious party and if the said party is in possession of incriminating items, Crimson Guard or Knights of Suffonia may detain the concerning suspect(s) for a period of one month for the purpose of presenting them to the Constabulary or a legal prosecutor.
e) Private property of citizens may only be searched with warrants issued by the Constable or legal prosecutors.
f) If Armed Forces of Suffonia sees any party while breaking the law or physically harming another party, they may detain the said party indefinitely for the purpose of presenting them to the Constabulary or a legal prosecutor.
g) Prior to the court ruling, Constabulary has precedence over any aspect of the prosecution.
h) Prosecutors or the Master of Confession may inquire the detained suspects or accused for the purpose of gathering evidence or procuring confessions or any party related to the said suspect or accused.
i) Prosecutors or Master of Confession may not torture or physically or mentally abuse citizens during inquires and evidence procured with these methods, without prejudice to Article XI/j, art not admissible before Suffonian Courts.
j) Written and executed confession procured by the Prosecutors or Master of Confession supersedes any other admissible evidence and is adequate for conviction.
k) This subsection having precedent over other rights given in this Code, the Royalguard may detain any party for an indefinite period of time at any required place or in any required condition, for the purpose of presenting the said party to the Patriarch of the House of Suffolk or may search any property without warrant or permission or stop and frisk any party or inquire any part in any way necessary, if (i) the detainment is necessary to prevent any potential harm against the persons and rule of the House of Suffolk or (ii) the concerning party is seen to or known to harm the persons or rule of the House of Suffolk.
Article XII - Rights of Gentry and Nobility
a) Common Citizens may file a Civil Dispute lawsuit before Suffonian Courts against members of Gentry and Nobility with at least one witness.
b) Common Citizens filing a Civil Dispute lawsuit before Suffonian Courts against members of Gentry and Nobility will be charged twofold the legal fees.
c) Members of Gentry and Nobility may be represented by licensed legal attorneys for civil cases and art not required to be present for the proceedings.
d) Only members of Gentry and Nobility may file a Civil Dispute lawsuit before Suffonian Courts against members of the House of Suffolk.
e) No complaint or lawsuit may be filed against the Patriarch of the House of Suffolk.
f) Criminal cases against members of Gentry and Nobility may only be filed in the Court of Justice.
g) Criminal cases against members of the House of Suffolk may only be brought before the Archducal Court.
h) District Courts art not authorized to judge members of Gentry and Nobility.
i) Members of Gentry and Nobility may appeal Court of Justice and Military Tribunal rulings to the Archducal Court in one year.
j) Search warrants concerning the property of Gentry and Nobility requires to be confirmed by the Court of Justice.
k) Only Sergeants or above of Crimson Guard may exercise stop and frisk rights against the members of Gentry Nobility in accordance with Article XI/d.
m) Detained members of Gentry and Nobility must be hosted in accordance with their status and may only be inquired by the Constable or with the permission of a Minister of the Privy Council of Ministers.
Article XIII - Rights of Foreigners and Nonhumans
a) Foreigners shall have the same rights as citizens before Suffonian Courts and art subject to twofold of any legal fees.
b) For the application of this Law, where applicable, two nonhumans shall be equal to one citizen before the Suffonian Courts.
c) Nonhumans may file lawsuits, subject to quadruple of any legal fees.
d) Foreigners and Nonhumans may not have any rights under Suffonian Law outside of Warwick Castle.
Article XIV - Legal Procedure and Legislation for Vassal Fiefs
a) Any Vassal Lord and his subject’s resident in Warwick Castle art not within the scope of this Article XIV.
b) All Vassal Lords must apply Suffonian Law in their fiefs.
c) Vassal Lords may form their own vassal courts for disputes between their own subjects and these courts may ignore precedents set by Suffonian Courts.
d) Vassal Courts will have jurisdiction over any person concerning disputes happened or happening in the respective Vassal Lord’s fief.
e) Vassal Courts must follow Suffonian Court precedents for cases concerning Suffonian Citizens.
f) Vassal Courts have no jurisdiction over Vassal Lords and Suffonian Nobility and Gentry.
g) Vassal Lord may create legislations concerning their fiefs for any matter unregulated by Suffonian Law.
Article XV - The Archducal Court
a) The Archducal Court is held at times and locales as desired by the Patriarch of the House of Suffolk.
b) Only Citizens and Sovereign houses of Ally Nations art eligible to appear before the Archducal Court and the Patriarch of the House of Suffolk may further resolve additional rules of eligibility before each court.
c) The Patriarch of the House of Suffolk may reject to listen to any case presented before him during the court if he so desires.
d) The Patriarch of the House of Suffolk may delegate cases presented to him to Archducal Tribunes or an Archducal Tribunal appointed by him and their final ruling would be considered an Archducal Court ruling.
Witness whereof i set my hand and affix the seal of Suffolk
His Serene Highness Prince Edward of the House of Suffolk, Archduke of Suffonia, Duke of Warwick, Count of Pembroke and Baron of Alnwick