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frill

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  1. THE CROWN V BARCLAY The Holy Orenian Empire As represented by Veikko Harjalainen, esq. DESIRES TO SUMMON THE FOLLOWING PARTY TO COURT; Konstanz Barclay ON THE BASIS OF THE FOLLOWING PRINCIPLE(S), DOCTRINE(S), EDICT(S) OR ARTICLES OF LAW: Pursuant to the following articles of law; XVI. Sedition, the act of inciting disorderly conduct against Imperial functionaries or the Empire and hurting its majesty, is illegal. XVI.I. Insulting the Empire and its functionaries, while not inciting disorderly conduct, is still considered to be an incentive for others to act disorderly, and is therefore considered sedition. The empire believes the following quotes from the concession speech of Konstanz Barclay are tantamount to breaches in the law, and further act as a calculated attempt to stir dissent and undermine the authority of House Barbanov and the government of Haense, and the empire and its governmental organs; "The establishment was too complacent to a clique of Imperial bootlickers, seeking to slowly kill off our way of life and our freedoms.” “Our crucial Senate seat shall go to an invisible imperial bootlicker yet again” “We will see our freedoms limited and our opposition silent” “What has [Senator] Siegmund done for Haense, aside of being an establishment insider and career politician?” “While we may not find our nation defended in the Senate” ON THE DESIRED DATE OF: 10th of the Sun’s Smile [[ Sun Oct 20]] YOURS, Imperial Solicitor General Veikko Harjalainen, esq. The Solicitor General’s Office, Varoche Hall, City of Helena, Holy Orenian Empire. [[frill 🧢#8584]]
  2. THE CODEX OF LAWS OF THE CROWNLANDS OF THE HOLY ORENIAN EMPIRE INTRODUCTION - PRINCIPLES OF LAW TITLE I - CLASSIFICATIONS OF CRIME TITLE II - EXORDIUM TITLE III - LEX CRIMINALIS - CRIMINAL LAW TITLE IV - LEX HARACCENE - CIVIL LAW TITLE V - LEX KAEDRENI - MILITARY LAW TITLE VI - LEX PISACTORIS - WEIGHTS AND MEASURES TITLE VII - LEX LOTHARINGIUM, - SUCCESSIONARY LAW TITLE VIII - LEX ARISTOCRATIA - LAWS OF NOBILITY INTRODUCTION General Principles of Law THE STOLISTES PRINCIPLE; “A binding contract exists by an expressed offer that is taken up upon by an expressed acceptance of said offer”. THE VISCONTI PRINCIPLE; “All soil, and the structures and elements upon it, are under Imperial ownership, unless specified otherwise by referenceable documents from the Imperial government”. THE MARCHAND PRINCIPLE; “A human with uncontested physical ownership of a good, legal tender or produce, with an absent pretext of criminality, is assumed to be the rightful legal owner.” THE RUYTER PRINCIPLE; “The gravity of a crime can exceed the amount of justice the conventional punishments could bring, and therefore might require the execution of the criminal”. THE LEUMONT PRINCIPLE; “Everything established within the physical, administrative and diplomatic dimension that is not in accordance to the rule of law; is considered to have never existed.” EXORDIUM Excerpt upon the Nature of Imperial Authority It is the crown of piety that adorns the Emperor above all other ornaments of kingship. Wealth vanishes; glory perishes, but the gift of God-given government is eternal, and it sets its possessors beyond the reach of oblivion. By the hand of Holy Pontiffs, the Emperor is bestowed a dignity beyond all honors, for it is a dignity bestowed by God. His soul is rendered pure upon ascent and thenceforth reflects the state of his dominions; if sallow be his domain, his spirit languishes in its equal. He weighs the sins of man, and is thus burdened to toil towards a realm kin to the heavens. By the nature of his body, the Emperor is alike to other men--but by his authority, he is above all others, and no man can claim greater jurisdiction. The Imperial Office is that of the Lord’s viceregent in this world, and is wholly unbound by common or temporal law. He is inalienable and indomitable, as he must be so as to govern justly and fairly. In receiving this dignity, the Emperor is compelled to emulate He who granted it, for though all men serve him, he is servant to God. Earthly pomp degrades the majesty of his office, as do wickedness and laxity. To afford wisdom and mercy akin to the Lord’s is the Emperor’s greatest faculty; he is credited greater capacity than any other to work justice. Yet no man is his judge, and God his only confessor. The Emperor is eminent in all things; he is above the sun that retreats before darkness, and the seas which accede to the ravings of the stars. He is greater than the winds which toss without abandon, and the earth that lays indolent still despite calamity. The Emperor is Oren manifest: successor to its prophets and master to the world, the sovereign of all humanity who provides that esteemed folk with just governance. Prince-Father Charles Polycarp, Metropolitan of Felsen, 1527 ADDENDUM On The Rights of Man Humanity, created by God in the image of His Prophets, is bestowed upon through His Divine Power the guaranteed, inalienable rights of Man, held above all law and rule. Through the power of the Imperial Crown, they are enforced and protected immaculate and indefinite, only transgressed by committing mortal sin. The Rights of Man include; THE RIGHT TO LIFE, so no man will ever be taken to the Skies so soon. THE RIGHT TO LIBERTY, so no man will ever be bonded by the shackles of slavery. THE RIGHT TO TRIAL, so no man will ever be wrongly accused when not charged by a trial of their peers. These rights are the backbone of human liberty and law, preventing the slip of chaos as seen in time immemorial, acting as a shield before the dark arrows of tyranny and selfish ambition. All sons of the First Prophet, no matter of blood, language, or culture, carry upon them these golden laurels of freedom, through right of birth and sapienic kinship. Emperor Joseph I, 1718 CLASSIFICATION OF CRIME Monetary and physical punishments for the infringement of the laws CLASS V Violent infringement; Fines up to 125.000卅 Imprisonment up to 100 years CLASS E Economic infringement; Fines up to 25.000卅 Imprisonment up to 25 years CLASS P Property infringement Fines up to 200.000卅 Imprisonment up to 50 years CLASS I Infringement of Imperium Fines up to 400.000卅 Imprisonment up to 100 years Execution CLASS D Domestic infringement Punishments subject to domestic laws of Imperial subjects. LEX CRIMINALIS Criminal Laws of the Holy Orenian Empire TABLE I On the Protection of Persons Murder, deliberately acting to achieve the result of death for another person, is illegal. Murder without the intent to achieve the result of death, but which has occured due to the circumstances that the perpretrator created, is manslaughter. Violence, acting to cause harm upon another person with differing degrees of lethality, but not death, is illegal. Causing injury, acting to inflict a singular wound, is illegal. Tournaments or consensual acts of inflictment are not illegal. Causing injury unintentionally, but as a consequence of a verbal conflict or a series of unpremeditated acts, is classified as battery. Mutilation, the causing of injury with the specific purpose of altering the victim’s appearance or senses, is illegal. If an injury has affected the victim’s appearance or senses, but mutilation could not be proven as the motive behind the causing of injury, the perpetrator will have caused an injury, and would not have mutilated. Kidnapping, acting to confine, restrict or restrain a person after or through an abduction against one’s will, is illegal. Imperial functionaries abducting and confining citizens under lawful mandate, are not kidnapping. A Kidnapping that lasts longer than a saints week, is considered to be slavery. A victim of kidnapping can legally commit violence and/or cause injury to his or her captor. Slavery, acting to permanently confine, restrict or restrain a person after or through an abduction or purchase against one’s will, is illegal. A slave in name or de facto cannot lose his or her rights under Imperial law. A slave can legally commit murder and violence against his captor. TABLE II On the Protection of Property Theft, the act of illegally acquiring one’s property, is illegal. Theft of items deemed to be of large quantity, or if the occurrence of the theft is considered often or commited on a large scale, is classified as Grand Theft. Robbery, the act of doing theft facilitated by either the threat or the use of violence upon a person, is illegal. Burglary, the act of trespassing with the intention of committing a non-violent crime, is illegal. Trespassing with the intention of committing a violent crime is classified as a robbery. Extortion, the act of threatening any of the above for the sake of obtaining material or political benefit, is illegal. Threatening to release incriminating information if a human does not comply to certain demands, is considered blackmail, which is classified as extortion. Creating an expectation for a person that he or she is to experience any of the above, is illegal. Doing all of the above through proxy, is illegal. If a party is to be determined to be the aforementioned proxy, either through voluntary confession or through discovery, the criminal-through-proxy and the target must also be known. The proxy and the criminal-through-proxy are both equally criminal. Organizing with more than two people to either commit a crime through proxy, or in an organized collective fashion, is considered a conspiracy to do harm. A conspiracy to do harm can be a part of, but is not the same, as a conspiracy against the state. Facilitating, not stopping, ignoring or not alerting the authorities of upcoming crimes makes you an accomplice to the crime. An accomplice is as equally criminal as the perpetrator. Sedition, the act of inciting disorderly conduct against Imperial functionaries or the Empire and hurting its majesty, is illegal. Insulting the Empire and its functionaries, while not inciting disorderly conduct, is still considered to be an incentive for others to act disorderly, and is therefore considered sedition. Critiques on a legal basis or which commonly would be considered normal for the citizenry to express is not considered sedition. Blasphemy, the act of insulting God and its representation within the human realm, is considered equally criminal to insulting the majesty of the Imperial Crown. Heresy, the act of professing heterodox teachings condemned by the Church, is illegal. Tax evasion, the act of not abiding by a legally binding contract that obliged you to pay tax, is considered a criminal offense. LEX HARACCENE Civil Laws of the Holy Orenian Empire TABLE I On Persons On Establishing Persons The following are citizens of the empire by birth; Those born of an Orenian father. Those born within the empire with unknown filliation. Those with the first place of existence being within the empire due to mortis causa or otherwise shall be recognised as citizens of the empire. Those born within the empire, of foreign parents, if their parents were also born within the empire. Birth of a man within the territory of the empire is not sufficient cause to grant citizenship to the man. Fealty may be sworn to the emperor and his lands on reaching the eighteenth birthday. The possession and continued use of property within the empire for a period as so judged by a magistrate can be used as legal proof of citizenship if so requested by the citizen. Nationality may be granted discretionally by Royal Decree of the emperor. Nationality and status of citizenship may be revoked discretionally by Royal Decree of the emperor, who may revoke it on grounds of public policy or national interest. Foreigners resident in the empire enjoy the protection of the laws of the empire, and the rights they so afford. Should the foreigner breach these laws, they too nullify their protection of them. Residency within the empire is verified on a regular basis through the office of a censure and the signing of the census by the citizen. A refusal to do this is an implied, but not explicit, implication of a rescission of citizenship. On Establishing Entities Corporations, companies, associations and foundations are recognised as entities under law and are accountable hereafter to the laws governing them. People are recognised as entities under the law on reaching the age of majority. Legal entities enjoy the same privileges, including the possession and acquisition of property, chattel et al. afforded to citizens. Royal Decree may revoke legal personhood if so required. On Marriage The obligation of marriage is not the promise of marriage. Men and women are those entitled to marriage in accordance to the Canon and these legal provisions. There shall be no marriage without matrimonial consent Persons already joined in marriage may not marry. Minors may not marry without the consent of their father or guardian. Direct line relatives of consanguinity may not marry. Collateral relatives by consanguinity of the third degree may not marry. Any citizen may marry inside or outside of the empire before a member of the clergy. The marriage shall not be affected by legitimate appointment of the member of clergy performing the marriage should both spouses and member of the clergy be acting in good faith. Marriage must be performed before a member of the clergy and two witnesses of legal age. It shall be assumed that the married partners share a domicile. It is the right of the Emperor, his privy, and the church of the Canon to render nullity of marriage should this be deemed necessary. All marriages require the consent of the man and the legal patriarch of the woman participating in matrimony. If this patriarchal prerogative is withheld and the marriage proceeds, it is to be considered unlawful and null. In the case of marriages of the princes, landed lords and their immediate male heirs, express permission to marry must be sought from and granted by the Crown. If this Imperial prerogative is withheld and the marriage proceeds, it is to be considered unlawful and null. TABLE II On paternity, filiation and bastardry On Filiation Filiation is by birth alone. Filiation determines surnames. Filiation is determined by the paternal line. It is the obligation of the father to care for the child. Any person of significant interest may declare filiation or lack thereof. This is to be judged by the emperor and his magistrates if deemed to be acted in bad faith. It is the right of the father to declare lack of filiation, or bastardy, of his children. It is the right of the patriarch of the family to declare lack of filiation, or bastardy, of his kin. On Guardianship It is the right of the Church of the Canon to take wards of the church, should there be no sufficient guardian by blood. It is the right of the emperor to decide wards of the state, should there be no sufficient guard by blood and the refusal of the Canon. TABLE III On Property Ownership On Classification All things subject to appropriation shall be considered either immovable or movable property. The classification of property may be decided by the emperor. Property is either public or private domain, as so decided by the emperor. Should a piece of public domain property be ceded, enclosed or no longer be destined for general use, it shall become property of the imperial crown. On Ownership Ownership is the right to enjoyment and disposal of a thing, without limitation beyond the law. Ownership is acquired through occupancy, by gift, testate and intestate succession, and as a result of contracts of tradition. Nobody may be deprived of ownership by another. The owner of a plot of land is the owner of the surface and that beneath it. Property capable of appropriate without an owner, such as abandoned movable things or wild game, are acquired by occupancy. Game that pass from their respective breeding place to lands owned by a different owner shall be the property of the latter, unless found to have been attracted through fraud, artifice or lure. A person who finds a movable thing must return it to its owner, unless it is declared treasure. The movable thing must be held for two years, and the thing shall belong to he who found it after the lapse of this period of time. If it cannot be held without severe maintenance that would otherwise cause detriment to the value of the movable thing, it will be publicly auctioned. If unable to be auctioned, it shall be redistributed by the imperial crown. If the owner is to appear within this time, the finder is entitled to a prize for finding equal to one tenth of the value of the thing. Treasures belong to the owner of the land of which it is found, or if conflicted, to the imperial crown. The status of treasure is decided by judgement of magistrate. The imperial crown is entitled to fifty percent of the value of the treasure from the finder. On Absence Following a public absence, as decided by a magistrate or the Emperor, of eight years of more, it is the right of these parties to redistribute the patrimony of the absentee among his heirs. If no heir is present to make claim to the patrimony, it may be placed under the imperial crown until such an heir should arise. On Accession The fruits of the property, be they civil, industrial or natural belong to the owner of the property. Anything built, sewn or produced in another’s plot of land belongs to the owner of the plot of land. On Boundaries Any owner is entitled to mark and define the boundaries of their properties and lands and hold the right to define the boundaries as such when brought to a court of law. These boundaries may not be defined if they infringe or encroach upon the boundaries of the lands and properties of another, if this is deemed a matter of legal conflict, it is the duty of the steward of the lands and the magistrates of the crown to decide the boundaries. On The Intellectual The owner of a literary work may exploit and dispose of it at will. On Possession and Acquisition Possession is the holding of a thing, or the enjoyment of a right by a legal person. Possession is to be assumed to be being acted in good faith. Hereditary property is transferred to the heir without interruption from the moment of death of the descendant. Possession may not occur violently. If a man believes they have the right to deprive another of their property, it is to be brought before a court if it is refused to be delivered by the owner. A possessor may lose the thing; By abandonment. By total destruction or loss. By another’s possession, even against their will, should the new possession last uncontested for more than ten years. TABLE IV On Obligation On Defining Obligation All obligations consist of giving, doing or refraining from doing an act. Obligations arise from law and contract. Those that arise from acts or omissions of fault or negligence shall be governed by the following provisions. On The Extinguishing of Obligation The promise of the delivery of a thing is a promise of delivery of the thing with all fitting entirely, even if not so mentioned. If a person obliged to do something has not done it, it is ordered to be done at his expense. All obligations are enforceable from the present unless their performance depend on the fulfillment or action of a future event. Obligations that face impossible conditions shall be deemed in bad faith and not written. The condition should be fulfilled should the obligor purposefully prevent its fulfillment. Obligations are extinguished by their payment or performance, forgiveness of the debt, rule of bad faith by a judge, or the loss of the thing owed. On Private Documents and Deeds Private documents shall have the same value as a deed between those who executed it and their successors. Private documents may not alter the covenants of a contract if to the detriment of the debtor. If a debtor wishes to accept private documents with provisions beneficial to him, he must also except those provisions detrimental. TABLE V On Contracts On Consent There is no contract without the consent of the parties, cause of the obligation of agreement and object of agreement. Consent is the coincidence of the offer and the acceptance over the thing and the cause which constitute the contract. Minors may not consent to contracts, unless ruled otherwise by a magistrate. Consent is null and void if caused by error, coercion, intimidation or fraudulent misrepresentation. Fraudulent is not nullifying if used by both parties. On Matter of Contract All things not beyond the bounds of commerce between men of the empire may be bound by contract. On Cause of Contract Contracts without a cause, unlawful causes or false causes are null and void. An unlawful cause is a cause ruled to be against the laws or morals of the land. On Interpretation All parties must abide by the literal meaning of clauses of contracts if they are clear and leave no doubt to the intention of the contract. Words with multiple meanings are to be understood in the meaning in most accordance to the nature and subject of the agreement, or, in cases when this may be conflicted, in the benefit of the debtor. Obscure clauses may not favour the party who created the obscurity. In the event of doubts of the intention of contracts and the intention cannot be known, the contract is null and void due to this obscurity. On Rescission and Nullity Contracts validly entered may be rescinded by agreement of both parties or the decision of the emperor and his magistrates of law. No contracts shall be rescinded as a result of injury, unless the injury is a result of a fraudulent contract. Rescission shall oblige the return the things subject of the contract and its fruits. Rescission may not take place when the object of the contract is in possession by a third party. If this third party acquired the object through bad faith, he must return the object disposed illegally on the rescission of the contract. Contracts may be annulled by rule of law. The action for legal annulment must be from a signing party. Confirmation of a contract may be implied; written assent is not necessary. TABLE VI On Patrimony Obligatory Heirs of the non-Imperial and Gentry The obligatory heirs are the male children and male descendants with respect to their parents and male ascendants. In the absence of the above, parents and ascendants regarding their male children and male descendants. In the absence of the above, the female children, their children and descendants In the absence of the above, parents and ascendants regarding their female children and female descendants. In the absence of the above, it is the right of the imperial crown to redistribute the patrimony. LEX KAEDRENI On Crimes Committed During the Execution of Military Service Threat or violence towards a commanding officer Battery, threat of battery, resistance with violence, infliction of minor bodily injury, to a commanding officer by a subordinate during military service is defined as threat or violence towards a commanding officer, a felony. The same crime committed as a group or with the use of weaponry is classed as a severe felony. The same crime, resulting in the death of the commanding officer, or committed as a group and with the use of weaponry is classed as treason. Violence towards a subordinate by a commanding officer Battery, threat of battery, resistance with violence, infliction of minor bodily injury, to a subordinate soldier by a commanding officer during military service is defined as violence towards a subordinate by a commanding officer, a misdemeanour. The same crime, resulting in the death of the subordinate soldier or committed with the use of weaponry is classed as a felony. Desertion Desertion, defined as leaving of a military unit or place of military activity with the intent of evading service to the military, or failure to return from a medical institution committed by a soldier is classed as desertion, a misdemeanour of desertion. The same crime, when committed by a senior ranked soldier, is classed as felony of desertion. The same crime, when committed by a landed noble, or during wartime, is classed as treason of desertion. Undue surrender Intentional surrender, intentional withdrawal from sites of conflict, or leaving to the enemy fortifications by the head of a military unit when the situation did not warrant is classed as treason of undue surrender. Refusal to take up arms due to fear or desperation by a soldier shall be classed as a felony of undue surrender. Destruction of property Intentional destruction of property intended for use during military exercises, excursions or conflict is classed as a felony. The same crime, when committed by a landed noble, or during wartime, is classed as treason. Destruction of state property intended to be used during wartime is classed as destruction of property, a felony. Disclosure or loss of state secrets Disclosure or loss of documents, objects or activities which constitute a state secret by a person who was entrusted such data is classed as a felony. The same crime, when committed by a landed noble, or during wartime, is classed as treason. Sale of property Sale of property intended for use during military exercises, excursions or conflict is classed as a felony. The same crime, when committed by a landed noble, or during wartime, is classed as treason. LEX PISCATORIS Weights and Measurements TABLE I On Physical Measurement On Length The standard unit of length shall be the digit, equaling the width of the man’s middle finger. An alternate unit of length shall be the inch, equaling the width of a man’s thumb or the total length of 3 barleycorns. An alternate unit of length shall be the foot, equaling the length of a general boot or the total sum of 12 inches. An alternate unit of length shall be the yard, equaling the length of a single man’s pace, the reach from nose to fingertip or the total sum of 3 feet. On Land The standard unit of land shall be the acre equaling around 500 square feet of a general boot or the land able to that plowed by a single ox in one day. An alternate unit of land shall be the furlong, equaling around 660 square feet of a general boot or the land able to be plowed by two oxen on one plough in one day. An alternate unit of land shall be the bovate, equaling around 15 acres, 7500 square feet of a general boot or the land able to be plowed by one ox in a single harvesting year. An alternate unit of land shall be the carucate, equaling around 120 acres, 60,000 square feet of a general boot or the land able to be plowed by eight oxen in a single harvesting year. TABLE II On the Financial On Currency The standard unit of currency shall be the mark or mina, with a width of three digits and made of silver, bearing the symbol of the Holy Orenian Emperor on the head side and the symbol of the Aengul Dragur on the tail side. An alternate unit of currency shall be the shilling, with a width and three and a half digits and made of silver, bearing the symbol of the Prince of Alstion (if vacant, then the Holy Orenian Emperor) on the head side and the symbol of the Prophet Horen on the tail side. A shilling is worth 5 minae. An alternate unit of currency shall be the crown, with a width of four digits and made of gold, bearing the symbol of the Prophet Owyn on the head side and the symbol of the Cross of Lorraine upon the tail side. A crown is worth 50 minae and 10 shillings. LEX LOTHARINGIUM Successionary Law TABLE I On Eligibility of Succession Affinity and Consanguinity Consanguinity is defined as two or more persons being related through a common ancestor, commonly through the same parent or grandparent (see Lexicon). Any and all matrimonial or sexual affinity between two persons with first degree of consanguinity, that being brother and sister, daughter and father, son and mother, niece and uncle, or nephew and aunt, is prohibited within Imperial and Pontifical Law. Any and all matrimonial or sexual affinity between two persons with second degree of consanguinity, that being a first cousin and a first cousin, is lawfully permitted in most cases. Any and all matrimonial or sexual affinity between two persons with third degree or higher of consanguinity is allowed without reserved or special restriction. Majority Age of majority is defined as the age where an individual is no longer deemed to be of juvenile mind and can take responsibility for one’s own actions (see Lexicon). For rulers under the age of majority, they are to be referred to as underage and a regency due to infancy is required to be put in place. The age of majority set by Imperial standard is sixteen. TABLE II On The Imperial Line of Imperial Succession The Line of Imperial Succession is maintained separately by the Imperial Chancery. List of Reigning Holy Orenian Emperors The List of Reigning Emperors is maintained separately by the Imperial Chancery. Provision and Regency Regency is defined as a person or persons chosen to administer an estate or office because of the incapacity of the current office holder, such as infancy, incapacitation or absence (see Lexicon). A designated regent is chosen by the capable lord, to administer and rule in the name of the lord or his heir in the case of incapability of the office holder. The person or persons designated to rule as regent is to be defined and listed with the will of the office holder. If no designated regent is chosen and an office holder becomes incapable to rule, a regent is chosen by the Imperial State. Succession Crisis A succession crisis is defined as a person or persons challenging a current incumbent lord for his or her office, through proper sanguineous claim and support of fellow noblemen and noblewomen. A succession crisis, if brought forth, is o be first solved by the constituent parties through nonviolent and nonaggressive means. If the constituent parties cannot resolve their matters through nonviolent and nonaggressive means, the crisis is to be brought forth to the Imperial State, to be decided on and resolved. If any violent and aggressive actions occur between the constituent parties, it is to be considered a breach of the law of the Imperial State, to be seen as treason and the offending parties charged as seen fit by the Imperial State. Imperial Diet A diet is defined as an assembly of lords, gentry, and clergy gathered for a purpose, typically to solve an outstanding issue or crisis between the body members (see Lexicon). A diet may be called any lord, excluding gentry and clergy, and held at any location within the borders of the realm. A diet, to be considered such, must have the numbering of at least three different lords, gentry, or clergy of different affiliations. Inter-vassal Conflicts An inter-vassal conflict is defined as two or more direct vassals or fiefs sworn to the Imperial State entering a state of warfare and armed conflict, while maintaining loyalty to the sovereign and Imperial State (see Lexicon). All inter-vassal conflict is prohibited within the realm, unless by sanction by the sovereign and Imperial State through the signing of a Pacta Conventa. A Pacta Conventa is defined as a sanction given by the sovereign and Imperial State for allowance of an inter-vassal conflict, typically outlining specific restrictions and duties upon each party involved and swearing each party to uphold their loyalty and duties to the Imperial State (see Lexicon). All inter-vassal conflicts may be ordered to stop by order of either the sovereign or the Imperial State as a whole, on threat of being charged of treason. All inter-vassal conflicts are barred from the use of external allies and non-human mercenaries, as only human-led factions either sworn to the Imperial State or in affiliation with the Imperial State may be called into a war. LEX ARISTOCRATIA On the Estates and Nature of the Nobility, the Clergy, the Gentry, and the Bourgeoisie TABLE I On Establishment of Title On Establishing Nobility The Nobility is defined as the body of all individuals holding heredity or honorary noble or lordly titles, typically holding land in tenure to the Imperial Office or other lord (see Lexicon). Nobility rank is given to every direct member of the noble title holder’s house, to be called lord or lady respect, and henceforth passed between kin. Nobility rank includes the following sovereign positions and peerages: Emperor, defined as a sovereign or monarch of an empire, above the royal office of king, referred to as His or Her Imperial Majesty (fm. Empress) (see Lexicon). In relation to the monarch, siblings, offspring, and offspring of their male offspring carries the rank of Imperial Prince and is to be referred to as His or Her Imperial Highness. King, defined as a sovereign or monarch of a kingdom, above the princely office of prince and below the imperial office of emperor, referred to as His or Her Majesty (fm. Queen) (see Lexicon). In relation to the monarch, siblings, offspring, and offspring of their male offspring carries the rank of Prince and is to be referred to as His or Her Royal Highness. Prince, defined as a sovereign of a principality or individuals of direct relation to an emperor or king, above the archducal office of archduke and below the royal office of king, referred to as His or Her Highness (fm. Princess) (see Lexicon). Archduke, defined as a sovereign duke holding more than one ducal title, above the ducal office of duke and below the princely office of prince, referred to as His or Her Grace (alt. Grand Duke; fm. Archduchess, Grand Duchess) (see Lexicon). Duke, defined as a sovereign lord of a duchy, above the margravial office of margrave and below the archducal office of archduke, referred to as His or Her Grace (fm. Duchess) (see Lexicon). Margrave, defined as a sovereign lord of a march, above the comital office of count and below the ducal office of count, referred to as His or Her Most Honorable (alt. Marquess; fm. Margravine, Marchioness) (see Lexicon). Count, defined as a sovereign lord of a county, above the vicecomital office of viscount and below the margravial office of margrave, referred to as His or Her Right Honorable (alt. Earl; fm. Countess) (see Lexicon). Viscount, defined as a sovereign lord of a viscounty, above the baronial office of baron and below the comital office of count, referred to as His or Her Honorable (fm. Viscountess) (see Lexicon). Baron, defined as a sovereign lord of a barony, above the gentry class and below the vicecomital office of viscount, referred to as His or Her Lordship (fm. Baroness) (see Lexicon). On Establishing Clergy The Clergy is defined as the body of all ordained ministers of the Canonist Church, including the High Pontiff (see Lexicon). Clerical rank is only given to the officer holder, with successor chosen by the Pontifical Throne. Clerical rank includes the following: High Pontiff, defined as the elected head of the Canonist Church, Vicar of God, and leader of the faithful, referred to as His Holiness (see Lexicon). Septarch, defined as one of the seven members of the ecclesiastical synod which elects the High Pontiff, referred to as His Eminence (see Lexicon). Patriarch, defined as a senior member of the Canonist Church, given responsibility over a Patriarchate, an administrator that oversees the clerical dioceses within non-human regions, referred to as His Beatitude (see Lexicon). Archbishop, defined as a senior member of Canonist Church, given responsibility over an Archdiocese, a Bishop who reigns over multiple diocese, referred to as His Excellency (see Lexicon). Bishop, defined as a senior member of the Canonist Church, given responsibility over an entire diocese or ordained holy orders, referred to as His Grace (see Lexicon). Priest, defined as the ordained members of the Canonist Church, typically placed in parishes or members of ordained holy orders (see Lexicon). On Establishing Gentry The Gentry is defined as the body of all ignoble knights, holding the non-hereditary title of Ser and typically holding land in tenure to the Imperial State or other lord (see Lexicon). Knightly rank is only given to the officer holder, and henceforth is only granted by the Imperial State, namely the Holy Orenian Emperor, the Grand Knight of the Empire, and the Imperial Archchancellor. Knightly rank of the ecclesiastical nature (Holy knights) granted by the Church of the Canon, while recognized as a form of gentry within the Empire, are typically landless and second in precedence to Imperial knights. On Establishing Burghers The Bourgeoisie is defined as the body of ignoble free, property-owning citizenry not bound by contract or tenure to a lord or sovereign, typically residing within a free imperial city (see Lexicon). The Bourgeoisie rank is given to all property-owning persons who do not hold noble, clerical, or knightly rank, excluding those persons bound to the soil of a fief or estate. TABLE II On Rights, Privileges, and Duties Rights and Privileges of the Nobility The right to hold noble title within the Imperial State, regarded in high degree with both the title holder and the title holder’s family, to be known by their respective titles. The right to hold a coat of arms within the Imperial State, to distinguish and identify one’s ancestors and descendants. The privilege to hold landed secular peerage appertaining to their estates within the Imperial State, the created nature of peerage conveyed through Imperial Letters, issued singularly by the discretion of the sovereign. The right to hold estates within the Imperial State, to manage and steward the allotted land as seen fit, and to pass forth their granted estates to their progeny and family. The right to organize a force of armed men within their estates, to train and fit their militia as seen fit, and to protect their estates with their militia. The right to call a diet of lords, gentry, and clergy within their estates, to call petition to the Imperial State, and to congregate with their fellow peers. The right to organize marriage between their houses with their peers, bounding lords together through the holy matrimony. Duties of the Nobility The duty to maintain their estates, manage them with good nature and uphold the law of the Imperial State within their estates, and to prohibit any estates’ decline into decadence and debauchery. The duty to maintain their records of lineages, records of births, and records of marriages to combat against falsification of noble birthright. The duty to maintain the faith of Canonism within their estates, to maintain orthodox views, and to uphold clerical teaching and law within their estates. The duty to never draw arms against the Imperial State, to maintain the peace and law of the Imperial State, and to hold utmost loyalty to their sovereign and the Imperial State. The duty to answer all calls to arm by the sovereign and Imperial State, to defend the Imperial State from all exterior and interior threats, and to combat all hostile forces in conflict with the Imperial State. The duty to maintain a force of five-thousand soldiers of foot if the baronial rank, a force of ten thousand soldiers of foot if the comital rank, a force of twenty thousand soldiers of foot if the ducal rank, and a force of forty thousand soldiers of foot if of the princely or royal rank. The duty to seek the permission of the sovereign for the case of the marriages of landed lords and their heirs. Rights and Privileges of the Clergy The right to hold clerical title within the Imperial State, regarded in high degree with the office holder, to be known by their respective titles. The privilege to hold landed clerical peerage appertaining to their estates within the Imperial State, the created nature of peerage conveyed through Imperial Letters, issued singularly by the discretion of the sovereign. The right to hold estates within the Imperial State and to manage and steward the allotted land as seen fit. The right to evangelize with the populace of the Imperial State and with any populace abroad, to travel the Imperial State as seen fit, and to be welcomed into any estate under the protection of the Imperial State. The right to congregate in a diet, to deliberate and converse within the diet, and to join in a petition to the Imperial State. Duties of the Clergy The duty to maintain their estates, manage them with good nature and uphold the law of the Imperial State within their estates, and to prohibit any estates’ decline into decadence and debauchery. The duty to maintain the faith of Canonism within their estates or their designated parish, to maintain orthodox views, and to uphold clerical teaching and law within their estates or designated parish. The duty to never draw arms against the Imperial State, to maintain the peace and law of the Imperial State, and to hold utmost loyalty to their sovereign and the Imperial State. Rights and Privileges of the Gentry The right to hold knightly title within the Imperial State, regarded in high degree with the office holder, to be known by their respective titles. The right to hold estates within the Imperial State and to manage and steward the allotted land as seen fit. The right to organize a force of armed men within their estates, to train and fit their militia as seen fit, and to protect their estates with their militia. The right to congregate in a diet, to deliberate and converse within the diet, and to join in a petition to the Imperial State. Duties of the Gentry The duty to maintain their estates, manage them with good nature and uphold the law of the Imperial State within their estates, and to prohibit any estates’ decline into decadence and debauchery. The duty to maintain the faith of Canonism within their estates, to maintain orthodox views, and to uphold clerical teaching and law within their estates. The duty to never draw arms against the Imperial State, to maintain the peace and law of the Imperial State, and to hold utmost loyalty to their sovereign and the Imperial State. The duty to answer all calls to arm by the sovereign and Imperial State, to defend the Imperial State from all exterior and interior threats, and to combat all hostile forces in conflict with the Imperial State. Rights and Privileges of the Bourgeoisie The right to hold burgher title within the Imperial State, regarded in high degree with the office holder, to be known by their respective titles. The right to not be bound by estate or lordly vow, to be free men within their own right, and to travel the land of the Imperial State as seen fit. Duties of the Bourgeoisie The duty to maintain utmost loyalty to the Imperial State and sovereign, to never draw arms against the Imperial State and sovereign, and to uphold the law of the Imperial State. The duty to maintain their faith of Canonism, to never deviate from their faith, and to uphold clerical teaching and law
  3. looking to pick up some cosy bedtime literature. does any1 know creative nonfic about late 19th cent slavs

    1. Show previous comments  1 more
    2. yopplwasupxxx

      yopplwasupxxx

      fiction but historical, anything by Dostoevsky, the Brothers Karamazov is a personal favorite of mine

       

      there was a lot of polish literature at the time of Congress Poland’s short-lived rebellion against the Russian Empire, if you do some searching online

    3. frill

      frill

      i’ve exhausted most of the old russian masters im afraid 😞 im slowly chewing thru the turgenev’s virgin soil but wanted something more militaristic like the don series or taras bulba

    4. yopplwasupxxx

      yopplwasupxxx

      its not 19th century but theres a lot of books by Stenkewcz (p sure im spelling his name wrong) dealing with the Cossack wars and the deluge. theres a set called the trilogy which is really good if you can find a translation that isn't ass and a good campy polish movie on the first book called with fire and sword if you look it up on youtube

  4. dunno says al, making a face like somebody trying to solve a really hard jigsaw puzzle.
  5. he was talking to me actually says al baden
  6. weird to see silverstatik ban alex for something he’d already been banned for. good luck with your admin bid pal!

    1. TrendE

      TrendE

      How much knob could a knobslobber slob
      If a knobslobber could slob knob?
      As much knob as a knobslobber could slob,
      If a knobslobber could slob knob.

    2. frill
    3. z3m0s

      z3m0s

      He hit that uno reverse

  7. ORDER OF PROSCRIPTION OF THE NAFTA ORGANIZATION Through the powers of his office, the Solicitor-General makes the following Order in exercise of the powers conferred to him by his Imperial Majesty of the Holy Orenian Empire to issue the following proscription of the organization known as NAFTA. Acting in effect as both a political party and collaborative effort by leal vassals to act in direct contradiction with the direct authority of the imperial government, the Emperor has deemed this organization dissolved. The Solicitor-General believes that the organisations to be proscribed is concerned with undermining the authority of the empire. Those continuing to support this organization and exercising any office with direct relation to continuing its existence shall be deemed guilty of sedition. This order of proscription may be cited as coming into force on the day after the day on which it is made. HIS EXCELLENCY THE SOLICITOR-GENERAL, Veikko Harjalainen, esq. HIS ROYAL MAJESTY, Pierce I of House Devereux, King of Curonia, Duke of Curon & Umbra, Count of Albion, Arbor, Avalain, Blackreach & Cyrilsburg, Baron of Alsace, Arisan, Frosthold, Rivia, & Vasile, and Lord of Avernia, Bear Mountain & Blackden. HIS EXCELLENCY, Ser Konrad Arthur Stafyr, Lord Palatine of the Kingdom of Hanseti-Ruska, Councilor Paramount and Lord Speaker of the Royal Duma, Knight of the Haensenic Realm. HIS HIGHNESS, Prince Arthur Stephen of the House of Suffolk, Royal Secretary for Foreign Affairs, Second Lord of the Royal Exchequer and the Royal Tribune. 11th of Horen’s Calling, 1738.
  8. V. Harjalainen gripped by the throes of legal-work. DISPUTATION ON THE POWER AND EFFICACY OF THE HOLY ORENIAN LEGISLATURE AND JUDICIARY OR; The Imperial Solicitor General’s Remit. 10th of The Deep Cold, 1737. This disputation will act as both an instrument of lightening the burden of office of the Solicitor-General while further acting as an explanatory and exploratory text which analyses the powers of the office, its purview and the necessity of either competencies being held by the office. The duty to develop and maintain the system of Imperial courts, ensuring proper application of law will remain as a requisite part of the office, working with greater cohesion with both the council-of-state and the senate. The office will instead form an advisory role instead of a primary legislative office; this being a distinct reduction in powers. The office will not be able to act as an agent or proxy of the crown to give assent to any laws it wishes to pass, further acting only as a legal advisor and adjacent to the primary legislative bodies of the state - the senate, the emperor, and any de jure analogues to these offices such as Lord-Protectors of state. The residual duties of office will remain, with a pointed adherence to the letter of the competencies allocated and delegated by the crown onto the office. With regards to the duty of representation of the crown during court cases, this will not be held as an explicit competency; if the crown holds an interest in the case, it will be the duty of the Solicitor-General to represent the crown and council-of-state. It will not be a duty of the office to infringe on the legal and political autonomy the crown and council-of-state possess beyond its entirely advisory capacity. Further, the hands of imperial legislature must not infringe on the rights of the vassals. GOD forgive the need for this clarification of remit of office and GOD preserve the empire. HIS EXCELLENCY THE SOLICITOR-GENERAL, Veikko Harjalainen, esq.
  9. veikko harjalainen doesnt have time for the opinions of peasants
  10. LAW OF HEIRS TO THE HOLY ORENIAN EMPIRE 8th of The Amber Cold, 1737. Following the attempted reforms of the Marnan era, it has been decided to be prudent to reestablish and re-institute a defined code of laws regarding the heirs of the Holy Orenian Empire’s titles, lands and properties. The heirs and successors to Imperial patrimony are defined as those persons who can not be disinherited, but by the legally established causes of disinheritance state by the Imperial Codes, which means having the right to receive the legitimate patrimony of their predecessor. In this sense, the empire identifies as imperial heirs those listed below: The male children and male descendants with respect to their parents and male ascendants, this being the established right of agnatic primogeniture. In the absence of the above, the female children, their children and descendants, this being the established right of agnatic cognatic primogeniture. Following the death of the deceased, the heirs hold all rights and actions that they held; undivided, with the exception of any and all rights and actions non-transmutable by succession. Heirs are possessors of all the deceased possessed. WHEREAS it is expedient to consolidate the previous acts of the Marnanite legislature, the further amendment must be acknowledged; Any married men shall, in accordance with this provision, be capable of acquiring, holding, maintaining and possessing any of the aforementioned properties and rights, as if it were his own direct patrimony, through virtue of marriage. As penned by HIS EXCELLENCY THE SOLICITOR-GENERAL, Veikko Harjalainen, esq. ON BEHALF OF HIS HIGHNESS THE LORD PROTECTOR Duke Adrian de Sarkozy of Helena
  11. Veikko Harjalainen, Senator from Helena, takes a few moments to give Frederick’s words a few slow nods of agreement. Take a few slow moments to make his way to the dias, he clears his throat. “Any extension of this, uh- strictly advisory and explicitly executive purview, are entirely faults of my predecessor. The lines in the sand between the executive, legislative and judicial branches need to be reinforced.” Veikko takes a few moments to gather his thoughts, musing. “Be that as it may, I am not beyond proposing legislation that is presently seen as redundant, if but only to reaffirm and set in stone once more the competencies of the office. There is a hubris to assuming that only myself will hold the office and the reliance on good-faith of the office holder is not conducive to a strong government. Assurances must be made and assurances will be made.”
  12. u really need to cool it with the constant status updates

    1. Narthok

      Narthok

      HAHAAHAHAHAHAHAHA

  13. who won the wc?

    1. ryno2

      ryno2

      tythus, again

    2. KeatonUnbeaten

      KeatonUnbeaten

      lag hasnt cleared yet, give it a minute

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